Mechanical hardness can be defined as the resistance of a body to an indentation of another harder body.
Hardness of materials is among the technologically most important material properties. Although hardness cannot be derived from the physical primary quantities, it is a measurable quantity that can be determined by various static and dynamic hardness testing methods. Hardness testing depends on a large number of different parameters, such as force, temperature, loading rate and time. Consequently, a detailed specification of the test method is necessary to compare numerical values. BEV realises the following three static hardness testing methods: